What causes conjoined twins? Two sisters, one body is broadcast on C4

Two Sisters, One Body will be broadcast on Channel 4 on Monday (March 15, 2021) and will show the lives of conjoined twins Carmen and Lupita Andrade – but what causes conjoined twins?

Can the twins survive? And how many twins are there?

Everything you need to know is here.


The two twins Carmen and Lupita Andrade take part in the C4 documentary Two Sisters, One Body (photo credit: YouTube).

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Two sisters, one body on channel 4

This Channel 4 documentary introduces us to the Mexican twins Carmen and Lupita Andrade.

The one-time document is optimistic about the challenges they face every day.

When the girl was born, her parents Norma and Victor faced a frightening dilemma …

You could try to split up where only a twin would survive.

Or stay together, with your own challenges.

The Mexican parents and their two-year-old twins traveled to Connecticut for treatment 17 years ago.

You stay there in a discretionary visa program.

They live close to the medical facilities that are vital to their continued quality of life.

What causes conjoined twins?

Connected twins are born physically connected to each other.

Identical twins occur when a single fertilized egg (embryo) splits and develops into two individuals.

Connected twins develop when an early embryo partially separates to form two.

Although two fetuses develop, they remain physically connected.

There is no known way to prevent this.

Carmen and Lupita Andrade married twins
Carmen and Lupita Andrade do the best they can, but what causes conjoined twins? (Photo credit: C4 / YouTube)

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Connected Twins: The Facts

Connected twins are always identical because they develop from a fertilized egg.

They are extremely rare and often attached to the chest, abdomen or pelvis.

About 70 percent of conjoined twins are female, although most are stillborn.

It is extremely unusual to live longer than 24 hours after giving birth.

Who are the oldest twins in the world?

American twins Ronnie and Donnie Gaylon survived and became the oldest twins ever recorded.

They died of heart failure on July 4, 2020.

You were 68 years old.

Doctors thought a separation was too risky.

The brothers lived longer than their heroes Chang and Eng Bunker, who lived to be 62 years old.

Lori and George Schappell are currently 59 years old.

Ronnie and Donnie Gaylon, the world's oldest twins
Ronnie and Donnie Gaylon hold the record for oldest conjoined twins in the world (Credit: TLC)

How many conjoined twins are there today?

There may be fewer than 12 adult couples of conjoined twins in the world today.

As is known, Abby and Brittany Hensel from Minnesota are among them.

The teachers share one body but have separate heads, hearts, stomachs, spines, pairs of lungs, and spinal cord.

In December 2020, newborn twins Yaseen and Yousef underwent complicated surgery to separate them in Yemen.

An echocardiogram showed that each of the two children had their own heart, although the position of the heart in one of them was abnormal.

Can both siblings survive? Can they be separated?

Both siblings can survive, but it is an extremely rare phenomenon.

About half of conjoined twins are stillborn, and another third die within 24 hours.

Since conjoined twins often share organs, separation cases are extremely risky and life threatening.

The surgeons separated Maltese twins Rose and Grace Attard in November 2000.

The operation almost certainly meant death for Rose, the weaker twin.

Her heart and lungs depended on Grace.

However, if the operation hadn’t taken place, it would be certain that both twins would die.

Grace survived to enjoy a normal childhood.

Great Ormond Street surgeons separated Safa and Marwa Ullah in 2019 – who joined at the top of the head.

Both girls remain healthy after 52 hours of surgery and the family returned to their homeland in Pakistan in 2020.

Yemen joined twins
Conjoined twins from Yemen Yousef and Yaseen awaiting surgery (Photo credit: Cover images)

Why are conjoined twins sometimes called conjoined twins?

Chang and Eng Bunker were united brothers born in Siam in 1811.

Miraculously, they survived until 1874 and traveled widely for many years.

They were called Siamese twins, and the term is still used to describe conjoined twins.

In fact, Chang and Eng were accompanied on the torso by a band of flesh, cartilage, and their fused livers.

In modern times they could easily have been separated.

Two sisters, one body will air on Monday, March 15, 2021 at 10:35 p.m. on channel 4.

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